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Category Archives: Genealogy Books

Labourers and Tradesmen at Heywood, Queen’s County (Laois) in 1794

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Small Sources No. 48.  This is a list of 78 labourers and tradesmen who worked on the Heywood Estate in Co. Laois (previously Queen’s County) in 1794. The estate is in the Civil Parish of Dysartgallen and Barony of Cullenagh. The document is a single large multi-column page headed ‘Abstract of accounts of labourers and Tradesmen with hired horses working at Heywood beginning January 1st 1794 and ending January 1st 1795’. The page indicates the trades of some but it is not clear which of the others were hired ‘with a horse’, which would have been common at the time.   Estate owners and large farmers hired men and their horses at ploughing or  harvest time for work requiring haulage, such as building.    The original document  is in the National Library of Ireland (Ms. NLI Ms 11,368) and is reproduced through their courtesy.  In 1794 Heywood House would have been the residence of Michael Frederick Trench (1746-1836) who was a barrister and also an amateur architect. He built Heywood House in 1773, and had a large local estate. His portrait is above, and a  short history of the family and estate is here.

Michael F. Trench landscaped the local area by digging lakes, and creating gardens and parks.  He also laid out the town of Ballinakill, which was part of his estate.     Some further information on the garden and landscaping is here.  He  also designed and built many other architectural features on the estate, including gates, mock castles and houses for staff and tenants. It may be that this is why there were so many trademen working on his estate in 1794.  Conditions cannot have been too bad for these workers,  as one of the entries on the account is below!

heywood-2

 In 1906 the Trench family commissioned the famous architect Sir Edwin Lutyens to design Heywood Gardens,  which are now owned and managed by the Irish government and managed by the Office of Public Works.  However, the house was destroyed in a fire in 1950. Some common name abbreviations are used, including Wm. = William; Edwd. = Edward; Andw. = Andrew, Michl. = Michael and Thos.= Thomas.   Very common names in the area include Phelan and Fitzpatrick.     Ancestor Network will offer 1 free hour of research by a professional researcher to conduct further research on these individuals, or on other tenants of the estate. Click here and quote ‘Laois SS48’ in the subject line.


Thomas Burke
Tim Brennan
Patt Bergan                                  (now more usually spelled Bergin) 
Darby Brophy
Thomas Brennan
Andw. Cullen
? Campion
Michl. Casey
John Deegan
Thos., Patk. and  John Doolan
Francis Doolan
Terence Dunne
Wm. Fitzgerald
Edwd Fougarty                      (probably a variant of Fogarty)
James Flanigan
Michael Fitzpatrick
Patt Fitzpatrick
Laurence Fitzpatrick
John Grace and Brothers
James and Martin Gorman
Danl.  and Thos. Gorman
James Hayes
John King
The Kirbys
John Malone and son
John Moran
James Mealon
Patt Mulltilly                    (a rare name derived from Gaelic O’Maoltuile and often anglicised as Tully)
Edward Mackey
Michael McDaniel
James Phelan
William and Thomas Phelan
Thos. Phelan of C: H:
Patt Phelan & Dunne
Keran Quin                         (probably a variant of Kieran or Ciaran,  now a common Irish name)
James Rourke
James Sutliffe                   (the name Sutly appears in later RC records in Ballinakill) 
James & Michl. Wall
Andrew Phelan and Son
Edward Butler
Michl. Corcoran
James Shay
Michl. Phelan
Patt Sheal

Task Work
Luke Shay
William Byrne
E. Flaherty

Carpenters
James Ruth & Son
John Grace and Sons
Robt. Mullock
Dan Byrne
Edwd. Phelan
Michl. Ruth
Mn. ? Edwards

Masons
Chas. Daly
Henry Eyres
James Delany
Patt Watters
John Delany
John Day
Mich. Flood
John Bruton

heywood-3


Sundry Tradesmen

Walter Dalton                Slater
George Forestal             Horse-shoer
Martin Ruth                    Nailer
Richd. Hancock              Saddler
Patt Comerford              Locksmith
? Costello                        Pump Boarer?
? Lynegar                        Taylor
Willm. Byrne                   for Horsework


Farm Servants
Edwd. Flaherty               Steward
Wm. Flaherty                  Herd              (i.e. looked after cattle) 
James Deegan                Servant          (meaning ‘farm-servant’ i.e. farm worker) 
Peter Dreelan                 Gardiner       (rare name; a child of  Peter Dreelan is recorded in Ballinakill in 1797)
Sandy Lawrence             do.


Others mentioned in accounts  
Casey and Hogan          Thatchers
Mr. Goss                        Shop acct.      (There are several Goss households in Ballinakill; one may be a shop)
Mr. Dunne                     do.
Galbraith                       for Malt
Mr Thompson               for Castlecool Rent
Mrs Cushen                   for one year annuity
Widow Kelly’s sons


Sources For Irish Family History

a guide to books, monographs and periodical papers on Irish families. The references cited are mainly accounts of particular family lines and vary from fond and emotional accounts of families and their ancestral homes to dispassionate, well-researched and fully documented family studies and pedigrees.

Available HERE

Rentals as a resource for Irish family history

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This article deals with rentals, a term also used in North America for hire cars,  but here referring to records of rent payments by tenants on Irish estates,  particularly during the 18th and 19th centuries.  They are a potentially valuable source of family history information that is often overlooked, mainly because very few are available  on-line. Read More

Tenants in Inch and Holycross parishes, Tipperary 1829/30

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Small Sources 43.   This list of 124 tenants is from a rent book of the Lidwell estate in Co. Tipperary for the period 1829-30.  The document is in the National Library of Ireland  (NLI Mss. 9480) and is titled “Brown, of Clonboy, Papers. Rentals of Cormackstown and Clonmore, Co. Tipperary, the estate of Robert Lidwell, 1826-33′.     See our article here for a detailed account of rentals and their relevance.   The Lidwells had estates in several parts of Tipperary and these are detailed in the Landed Estates Database.  One branch held properties in the townlands of Clon More (Civil Parish of Inch – approx 1200 acres) and Cormackstown (Civil Parish of Holycross – approx 600 acres), barony of Eliogarty from 1736.  The account book was apparently only a rough record made by the agent and the writing is indecipherable in places (see example at end of blog). To understand the detail it is useful to know that it was common practice for land to be rented to a group of tenants  (partners) who would then distribute the land among themselves by arrangement. The Clonmore account book usefully lists the partnerships in place in this property. (Note, however, that there is no similar list for the Cormackstown property). The Clonmore list shows that there were 18 main tenants, and that 9 of these were partnerships (four of these being partnerships among brothers).  An extract is shown below.   In the list of 124 tenants below, some of the payments are indicated as being from partners of these main tenants, e.g. John Brennan partner of Patk. Malone.  The partnership to which they belong is indicated as  ‘per’.  The rental does not indicate whether the tenants were in the Cormackstown or Clonmore property, but the location of some can be worked out from this information.

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New Title – “Tracing your Tipperary Ancestors” now available By Noreen Higgins-McHugh

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Flyleaf Press, the publishing arm of Ancestor Network, has published a comprehensive guide to all of the records available for tracing families in County Tipperary.

The book was formally launched in the Tipperary Excel Centre, Mitchell Street, Tipperary Town, Co. Tipperary on Thursday, 13th December 2018 by Des Murnane, President of Tipperary Historical Society. Read More

Tenants in Kilderry, Co. Donegal 1750-70

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Small Sources No. 42.   This is a list of 104 tenants on the Hart estate in Kilderry on the Inishowen Peninsula, Donegal in the period from the 1750s to 1780s.  The estate is mainly within the Civil parish of Muff, which is also the name of the main local town.  A view of the local landscape is shown above.   The list is from the index to part of the rental. However, the index pages for the letters T-Z are missing. Names beginning with these letters are therefore not included.   The original document is in the National Library of Ireland (NLI Ms. 7885).     See our article here for a detailed account of rentals and their relevance.   The index is a loose document within a single large rental book that is highly disorganised and in bad condition.  The rental also contains further loose documents (receipts, notes, lists of tenants etc.).  The index would appear to cover only the latter half of the 18th century, whereas the full rental book also covers a later period.   The index (see above) refers to the page within the rental on which the accounts for each tenant are recorded over a period of years.  As example,  the  illustration below shows part of the rent records of Patrick Barr in the townland of Craig from 1758-1767.  As is usual in this style of rental,  the rent due is on the left page and the payments on the right page. Only the top of the left page is shown below. This information is available for all of those tenants listed below, and also further tenants not included in this index.

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Tenants of Farnham estate in Castlerahan Barony, Co. Cavan, 1717 – 1785.

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Small Sources 41:  This list of 69 tenants in 55 properties is from a rental (NLI Ms 11, 491 – 8) among the Farnham Estate papers  and shows tenants with properties in County Cavan during a period from 1717 to 1785,  and also the date of their leases and a synopsis of the lease terms.     See our article here for a detailed account of rentals and their relevance.   All of the properties would appear to be within the Barony of Castlerahan (based on the townland names)  in Cavan and the areas rented vary from 23 to 187 acres noting that the acreage is not stated for many.   It would appear that these are first-time tenants as  a series of conditions related to the tenancies are imposed by the estate as follows: Royalties: Turf bogs reserved. … Building within 4 years a good farm-house 80 ft. long 16 ft. wide and 10 ft. high; Orchard 1 acre, penalty £2 added rent; Ditching within 7 years 200 perches 5 ft deep and 6 ft. wide, penalty £2 added rent; not to alien (i.e. Sub-let) more than 15 acres under penalty £10 added rent. Bound to mills penalty 5s. a Barrel. Not to commit or suffer to be committed any waste in woods under penalty of £10 for every time waste is so committed. Power for landlord to examine buildings and to repair them if not repaired within 6 mons. after notice. Tenant to have half of the trees they plant.    

A search of the Tithe Applotment books (1823-37)  shows that at least half of these settler names were still in Cavan,  and many in the same townlands at that time.

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Launch of ‘Tracing your Tipperary Ancestors’ on December 13th

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Flyleaf Press, the publishing arm of Ancestor Network, will launch its new title “A guide to Tracing your Tipperary Ancestors” By Noreen Higgins-McHugh in the Tipperary Excel Centre, Mitchell Street, Tipperary Town on Thursday, 13th December 2018 at 7.30 PM.

The formal launch will be conducted by Des Murnane, President of Tipperary Historical Society.  The title is a comprehensive guide to all of the records available for tracing families in County Tipperary.   If you are interested to attend, please contact us at jim.ryan (at ) flyleaf.ie.

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New Guides to tracing ancestors in Tipperary and Leitrim

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Flyleaf Press has published two new guides: to tracing ancestors in Counties Tipperary and Leitrim. Both are filled with information on the records of these counties, and how and where they can be accessed. This includes guidance on Irish archives and on many on-line sources. Both titles are well illustrated with maps and examples of the types of records to be found; and with other background material. They also provide an understanding of the social history of the respective counties and how this history has affected the keeping and survival of records. There is also a comprehensive index. Read More

Tracing Your Leitrim Ancestors: the authors view

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By Tom Coughlan,  Author:       Research always seems to throw up the unexpected. Before starting to write Tracing Your Leitrim Ancestors (Flyleaf Press 2018),  I believed that Leitrim had always been the least populated county in Ireland – as it is today. However, this is not the case.  In 1841 Leitrim had 155,000 residents, making it only the 6th  smallest county in terms of population. It dropped to 112,000 in 1851, and continued to drop in every subsequent census.  Other economic factors during the 20th century continued the decline to a low of around 25,000 in 1996.  Since then it has risen to about 32,000. The decline of 28% between 1841 and 1851 can be attributed to the Great Famine of 1845-1849, and its aftermath of emigration and disease. The scale and duration of the impact makes Leitrim one of the most significantly affected. Perhaps the simplest explanation for this can be found in McPartlan’s Statistical Survey of the County Leitrim, 1802, which jokes that land in Leitrim was sold by the gallon and not by the acre. Like many other words written in jest, there is a large element of truth in this.  Much of Leitrim is covered in water, and much of the rest is either mountain or bog. It is not a county offering a great living to a farmer, and neither does it support much industry.

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Leitrim

New Title – “Tracing your Leitrim Ancestors” now available

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New Title – “Tracing your Leitrim Ancestors” now available
By Tom Coughlan

The title is a comprehensive guide to all of the records available for tracing families in County Leitrim and is filled with information on what the records contain, and how and where they can be accessed. This includes guidance on researching in Irish archives and on the many on-line sources now available. It is well illustrated with maps and with examples of the types of records to be found; and with other relevant background material. It also provides background on the social history of Leitrim and how this history has affected the keeping and survival of records. There is also a comprehensive index. This is the latest in a series of county guides published by Flyleaf Press. These include guides for Dublin, Kildare, Limerick, Sligo, Galway, Cork, Clare, Westmeath, Kerry, Limerick, Roscommon, Mayo and Donegal. Read More

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