Small Sources No. 57: This is a list of 240 tenants from the index to a rental of the Sandes Estate in North Kerry for the period 1797 to 1828. The original document is in the National Library of Ireland (NLI Ms. 1792). It is a large ledger which, in addition to the index below, also contains the details of tenants’ accounts. Most of these indicate the townland locations of their holdings, which are in the civil parishes of Murher, Knockanure and Kilnaughtin. Thanks to my Ancestor Network colleague Kay Caball (see her page here) for her advice and inputs into this blog. The Sandes family residence was located at Sallow Glen in the townland of Glansillagh near Tarbert. An extensive history of the Sandes family and their descendants, created by Michael Sandes, is available here. In addition to managing their own estate, the Sandes family were also at one time agents for Trinity college Dublin, which had estates in North Kerry. For more information on Kerry Landlords see Kay Caball’s blog here. A member of the family, George Sandes, who was the estate owner in the latter half of the 19th century, was a feared landlord who extracted high rents, and evicted many of his tenants.
The list shows a large number of tenant partnerships. These are found on some estates and the pros and cons for both parties are outlined in our blog on Rentals. In summary, a group of tenants rent the property and divide the land by mutual agreement. From a family history viewpoint, only the lead tenant will be named in the index and formal lease agreement. However, the individual partners are often listed as payees of the rent. An excellent example of this is in Figs 1 and 2 below. This rental is of the Debit/Contra style (see our Rentals blog) for details. Fig 1 is the ‘Debit’ page and shows that Thomas Moran and partners have a 15 year lease (from 1783) on a holding in Gortaglana, which is part of the townland of Carhooearagh, east of Listowel. Their annual rent is £40 ‘and a bacon hog‘. Figure 2 is the Contra page and shows the payments made in 1797 which names each of the partners: Michael and Tom Moran, Maurice and Micheal Connor, and John Ryan, and the payments made by each.
Among the interesting rare family names are Bohilly, which is possibly a variant of O’Buachalla (anglicised as Buckley), Patwell, and what appears to be Crombury or Croninbury. Some variants of this name (Crombury, Cronerbury etc) are found in Ireland, but it is very rare. Another interesting inclusion is Fizzell or Fitzell. This is a Palatine name that is often spelled Fitzell but is Fizzell in this register. Strangely, the name Fizzell or Fitzell is listed as Phyggell in the index and rental heading of some occurrences, but is spelled as Fizzell in the payments list.
Some common abbreviations are used, such as: And. = Andrew; Corn. or Conl = Cornelius; Edwd. = Edward; Jno. = John; Jas. = James; Mau. = Maurice; Richd. = Richard; Thos. = Thomas; Patt = Patrick; Wm. = William. Some distinctive Irish names also occur such as Darby (Dermot) and Garrett. Note also that some names are common and the clerk has included some ‘nicknames’ to differentiate. For example, one of the Michael Enrights is called ‘Bawn’ (Gaelic for white); one of the Michael Connors is called ‘piper’, presumably because he was a musician; and one of the Connors is noted as Gowla, which is one of the branches of the (O’) Connors in Kerry.
The images of the document above and below were created by Ancestor Network in the National Library of Ireland and are reproduced here through their courtesy. Ancestor Network will offer 1 free hour of research by a professional researcher to conduct further research on these individuals, or on other tenants of this estate, noting (as shown in the example below) that many other tenants may be listed within the detail of the accounts. We can also obtain images of the original documents. Click here and quote ‘KerrySS57’ in the subject line. We also publish ‘Finding your Ancestors in Kerry‘ by local historian Kay Cabal (see cover above left).
Tenant(s) names; (Items in italics and brackets are added by author)
Ahern Michael and partners
Ahern, Daniel and John Killy
Ahern, Daniel and partners
Ahern, James and William (2 holdings)
Ahern, John (see Kennelly, Darby)
Ahern, John and Darby Kinnelly
Ahern, Michael and John
Ahern, Michael, John, James and William
Ahern, Thomas (see Connor, Michael etc)
Ahern, William (see Ahern, James and William)
Bohilly, Widow and son
Buckley, John (2 holdings)
Collins, John (see Collins, Michl. ..)
Collins, Michl. and John
Connell and Mulvihill
Conner, Danl. (See Enright, Pat) (This name is a variant of Connor or O’Connor)
Conner, Danl. (see Mulvihill, John)
Conner, Mau. and Michl.
Conner, Michl. (see Conner, Mau. and Michl.)
Connor, Bryan (see Enright, John and Bryan Connor)
Connor, Darby and Robert Delane
Connor, Dan and Pat Enright
Connor, Denis and And. Buckley
Connor, Mau. (see Hanrahan, Thos.)
Connor, Maurice and Thomas Hanrahan
Connor, Michael and Thomas Ahern
Connor, Michl. piper
Connor, Patrick and John
Connor, Thomas Gowla. (Gowla is one of the branches of O’Connors in Kerry).
Connor, Thomas (2 holdings)
Connor, Thomas and Corn, and Mau. Griffin
Crenberry, Francis (difficult to decipher – possibly Cronbury)
Daly, John ( see Sweeny, John)
Daly, John and John Sweeney
DeCourcy Repr. of W. James?
Robert Delane (see Connor, Darby)
Elliott, Reprs of Alexr.
Enright (see Reilly, William)
Enright Pat. and Danl. Conner
Enright, John and Bryan Connor
Enright, Michael Bawn
Enright, Michael and John Sullivan
Enright, Pat (see Connor, Dan ..)
Enright, Thos. Moriarty
Feigh, Elizabeth, Widow (in her account she is listed as ‘Widow Hunt’ from Jan 1809)
Fitzgerald, James (2 holdings)
Fitzgerald, James and John McMahon
Fizzell Henry (A Palatine name – see above)
Fizzell, Adam (2 holdings)
Fizzell, Widow Henry
Fizzell, Adam and Henry
Fizzell, Henry (see Fizzell, Adam)
Fizzell, Widow Cockhill
Fizzell, Widow Adam
Golden, Denis and Philip Keily
Golden, Denis and Patrick
Golden, Patrick (see Golden, Denis)
Goulden, Hugh (a variant of Golden)
Goulden, John and partners
Griffin, Maurice (see Connor, Thomas …)
Griffin, Maurice and Daniel. Gortdromagowna (Knockanure)
Grogan, Michl and Morans
Hanrahan, Thomas (see Connor, Maurice etc)
Hanrahan, Thomas and Mau. Connor
Hedigan, Reps of John
Hewson, John F.
Hunt, Elizabeth widow (Called Widow Feigh in accounts up to Jan. 1809)
Hunt, Robert (paid rent for Widow Hunt)
Hunt, Timothy and Robert
John McMahon (see Fitzgerald, James)
Kean, Patrick and partner
Kelly, John (2 holdings)
Kelly, John Ambrose
Kennelly, Darby and John Ahern
Killy, John (see Ahern, Daniel etc)
Kinnelly, Darby (see Ahern, John and and Darby Kinnelly)
Lalor, J & J. Cornan
Langane Kennedy and partners
Langan, John and partner
Langan, John and John Mulvihill
Leslie, Pierce (see Leslie, Robt.)
Leslie, Robt. and Pierce
Leslie, Sir. Thomas W. Sandes to the Reps of Sir Ed. Leslie
Leyne, Patrick (see McGrath, Morgan)
Lindon, John (see Lindon, Widow)
Lindon, Widow and John
Lister, Edmd. and partners
Mann, Mr. William
McGrath, Margaret & Barth. Leyne
McGrath, Thomas and sons
McMahon, Bryan (see McMahon, Tim)
McMahon, Denis (see McMahon, John)
McMahon, John (see also Fitzgerald, James)
McMahon, John and Denis
McMahon, John and Joanna Mulvihill
McMahon, Terence Jnr.
McMahon, Terence Snr.
McMahon, Tim and Bryan
McMahon, Timothy and Thomas
Moore, James and partners
Moore, Joan widow
Moore, Maurice and partners
Moran and partners (First name is Thomas – see Figure 1)
Morans (see Grogan, Michl.)
Moylan (see Waters)
Mulvihill (See Connell and Mulvihill)
Mulvihill, Corn. and sons
Mulvihill, Joanna (see John McMahon and Joanna Mulvihill)
Mulvihill, John and Danl. Conner
Mulvihill, John and Thos.
Mulvihill, John (see Langan, John and..)
Mulvihill, John Jnr
Mulvihill, John Snr.
Mulvihill, Michl. and John
Mulvihill, Thos. (see Mulvihill, John)
Mulvihill, Widow and Thomas Connell
Murphy (see Stack, Eleanor)
Murphy, John (see Stack)
Nevill, Michl. and sons
Nowlan, Darby (2 holdings)
Phyggell, Adam (The name Fizzell or Fitzell is strangely listed as Phyggell in the index and rental heading, but is spelled as Fizzell in payments)
Phygell, Michael Glencullare (see above)
Reilly, William and Enright
Relehan and Partner
Relihan, Timothy and Laurence
Ryan, John (see Figure 2 above – not in index as explained above)
Sandes, Mr. Henry
Sandes, George Esq. (2 holdings)
Sandes, John Esq.
Sandes, Lancelot Esq.
Sandes, William Esq. (2 holdings)
Sandes, Wilm.Senior and Wilm. Sandes Junior
Sealy, Laurence and John Esq.
Stack (see Murphy and Stack)
Stack, Eleanor and John Murphy
Stack, Reps of James
Sullivan and Enright
Sullivan, John (see Enright, Michael)
Sweeny, John and John Daly
Talbot, William Esq.
Walsh, Richard and Ed.
Walsh, Rev. James
Waters W, & M. Moylan
Flyleaf Press publish ‘Finding your Ancestors in Kerry‘ by Kay Caball, an eminent local genealogist. It is available here.
Some of the articles in our series on Irish Family History sources:
- Petty Sessions– the records of local courts
- Catholic Church records
- Grand Jury Presentments – records of local councils on payments for public works and staff
- Rentals – management of tenants by estates and the records created
- Middle names – the use (or non-use) of second or middle names in Irish records
- How comprehensive are Irish Civil Records?
- Census returns in Gaelic or Irish language