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Tenants of Putland Estate in Garrycloyne & Templeusque, Co. Cork 1815-25

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Small Sources No. 74.  This is a list of 50+ tenants of the Putland Estate in the Cork Civil parishes of Garrycloyne and Templeusque (see Fig. 1)  between 1815 and 1825.  They are in papers held by the National Library of Ireland (Ms. 12,768, 769 and 770)  each entitled  “Rental of the Estate of George Putland in the County of Cork …” .  The originals are unbound sheets and contain the rental details for the same properties in 1815, 1823, 1824 and 1825 (See Figs 2 and 3).   The majority of the tenants are the same in each year, but there are some changes and there are also differences in the spelling of names and places. The hand-writing suggests that they were compiled by different people.   In addition to providing a location for  the tenants,  the Observation column (See Fig 3) provides information on the circumstances of some tenants.  A selection of the more interesting observations are shown below.

Fig. 1. Civil Parishes of Garrycloyne and Templeusque in County Cork – from Logainm.ie

The estate was owned by George Putland,  who had estates in Bray, Co. Wicklow (where he lived)  as well as in Cork.  He was regarded as a progressive and generous landlord,  and this has been documented in an article The Putlands, Best of Landlords‘ in  Old Blarney: J. of Blarney & District Hist Soc. Vol 6.  The rentals  provide further evidence of his support for his tenants.  Those who undertook to build houses for themselves or their labourers had their rent reduced by a portion of the cost of building the house.   This was unusual in Ireland at the time – see our blog ‘Eyewitnesses to our Ancestors‘.

The property locations listed are all townlands,  which are the smallest divisions of land in Ireland.  They are of ancient origin and hugely variable in size and shape.  Further information on townlands is in our blog ‘Know your place“.   The townlands are in two unconnected Civil Parishes of Garrycloyne and Templeusque north of Cork City (See Fig. 1).    The townlands are listed below with their current accepted spelling (if different from that in the rental) and the Civil Parish (CP) in which they are located:

  • Ardamadaine  (now Ardamadane, CP of Garrycloyne)
  • Ballinraha   (Ballynaraha, CP of Garrycloyne)
  • Ballygibbeen  (probably Ballygibbon, CP of Garrycloyne)
  • Ballynaparson  (Ballynaparson, CP of Templeusque)
  • Coolenowry  (No place of this name or variant could be found – may be a sub-townland)
  • Cruiseryree  (Crushyriree, CP of Templeusque)
  • Dawston Demesne  (Dawstown, CP of Garrycloyne)
  • Killowen  (CP of Garrycloyne)
  • Knockesophe   (Probably Knockasuff, CP of Garrycloyne)
  • Knocknacorbally  (Knockacorbally,  CP of Garrycloyne)
  • Sarsfield Court   (Sarsfieldcourt,  CP of Templeusque)
  • Templeuskey    (CP of Templeusque)

 

Fig. 2. The left half of the rental ledger showing the ‘denomination’ (i.e. the location of the holding), tenants name, rent and arrears.

 

Fig 3. The Right half of the Rental ledger showing the total rent and arrears information, and a column with ‘observations’ on the tenants situation.

A full description of rentals and the useful family information they can provide is in our blog “Rentals as a resource for Irish family history” which is available here.

The family names in the rental are generally those commonly found in County Cork including Cronin, Kelliher, Hayes, Keilly (usually spelled Kiely), McCarthy, Mullane, Mulcahy and Murphy.  The less common names are Forrest,  Geffries and Sanders.  It is interesting that these farmers would have spoken the Irish language at this time and have used the Irish form of their names.  The name Fowler (in 1815 and 1823) is an anglicisation of the name O’Foghlu.   In the 1815 rental it is given as Fowler, but in the later rentals it appears to be written as ‘Fowlue’.  Perhaps the agent was trying to render the name more exactly to the way in which it was pronounced by the tenant.

An article describing Dawstown Cottage in 1831 is published in Old Blarney magazine and includes references to some of the families below.    It states “Fr. Matt Horgan penned a description of his parish of Blarney, which has left us with a unique glimpse of the townland at this time. He remarked that Mullane’s house and offices were the best on the whole Putland estate, thanks, in part, to his munificent landlord. In addition to Dawstown, the Putlands owned several other Blarney townlands. Mullane’s, along with the holdings of Tim Kiely, Mick Hayes, the Cronins and Mick Cremin, were, at that time, “unequalled and the best on the Estate, for either pasture or agriculture”. ….. Tim Kiely’s farm at Dawstown Cottage, was, according to Fr. Matt, tastefully laid out, well fenced, and well cultivated, containing ‘about 150 acres’…”.   Mullane and Keily are listed in rentals from 1823 onwards.

Other tenants are mentioned in the GenUK Gazeteer which states  “In the parish are several gentlemen’s seats: Blarney Castle is described in the account of that village, to the north of which is Putland’s Glen, the residence of George Jeffreys, Esq., by whom it was planted, and who holds a lease of it from Mr. Putland”. 

Interestingly,  a comparison of the Dawstown return in Griffith’s Valuation (conducted 1851-53) shows that almost all of the families were still in residence almost 30 years later.  (This presumes that persons of the same family name are descendants of the tenants listed below).  Denis Hayes,  John Hayes and Tim Kiely are still in occupation;  while Tim and Michael Kelliher, Edmund Mullane,  and Edmond Walsh all have holdings and are probably descendants of John Kelliher, Daniel Mullane, and R. Walsh below.  William Murphy has disappeared,  but a Daniel Ahern and Jeremiah Kiely are new landholders.

Further information on some of these families may be included in our publication ‘Sources for Irish Family History 2021‘ which lists books and articles on over 2,500 Irish families.    Ancestor Network also  publish  ‘A Guide to Tracing your Cork Ancestors‘ by Tony McCarthy and Tim Cadogan as an e-book or a print version.   This is an acclaimed guide to the family history sources in Cork and how to use them.

Ancestor Network will also offer readers 1 free hour of research by a professional family historian to conduct further study on these individuals, or on other tenants of the estate. We can also obtain images of the original documents. Click here and quote ‘CorkSS74’ in the subject line.


The tenants in the 4 rentals are listed below (alphabetically in each rental),  showing the townland in which their holding was located.   In a small number,  there are ‘observations’ in the rental (see Fig.2).  Relevant extracts from these are shown at the end of each rental.  Reps. is ‘Representatives’ which suggests that the named tenant is dead, but the lease still exists and is being maintained by others,  usually family.

Rental for 1815

Burke, Thomas                          See Florence McCarthy
Butler, Reps. Wm.                       Ballynaparson
Coleman, D. & Martin Forrest                      Knocknacorbally
Crimmins, Thos.                         Ballygibbeen?
Cronin, D. & partners                  Knockesophe
Cuffe, Thomas & William              Templeuskey  (See note 1)
Davis, Reps of Geo.                      Dawston Demesne
Forrest, Martin                      See Thomas Cuffe  (See note 2)
Fowler, Pat                            See Timothy Kelly
Jeffries, G.C. Esq.                       Ardamadaine
Gray, Pope Esq.                       Sarsfield Court
Hayes, Denis                          Dawston Demesne part l    (see Note 3)
Hayes, Bartholomew                      Dawston Demesne part l (son of Denis above – see Note 3)
Hayes, Denis Jr. & John Hayes                      Dawston Demesne part l  (See note 4)
Hayes, John                          See Denis Hayes
Horigan, Denis                      Ballinraha
Hurley, Daniel                       Killowen
Keily, Reps of John & partners             Dawston Demesne part
Keily, Reps of Michael                      Ballinraha
Kelliher, Bartholomew                      Dawston Demesne part
Kelliher, Darby                      Dawston Demesne part
Kelliher, Denis                      Dawston Demesne part
Kelliher, John                       Dawston Demesne part
Kelly, Timothy and Pat Fowler ?                       Coolenowry
Kenny, John, Thomas & Michael                      Templeuskey                  (See note 5)
Lynch, Cornelius                    Killowen (Commons part)
Martin, Robt.                            Cruiseryree
McAuliffe, J & D                      Ballygibbeen
McCarthy, Denis                      Kilclough
McCarthy, Florence & James White.  Assignees  Of                 Thomas Burke        Coolenowry
Mulcahy, Edmund                    Killowen  (See note 6)
Mulcahy, Edmund                      Templeuskey
Murphy J & D                      Ballygibbeen?
Murphy, J & L                    Killowen
Sanders, Revd. T F                      Coolenowry
Sheehy, Reps Bryan                      Killowen
Sullivan, J & D                      Ballygibbeen?
Walsh, R.                        Dawston Demesne part l
White, J                          See McCarthy, Florence

Comments in Observation column (abbreviated):

  1. Thomas and Will Cuffe  to be allowed £100  for a house
  2. Received from Forrest by distress £216.0.0 viz cash £210  retained towards the chapel £56
  3. Denis Hayes expended the whole of his substance upon this farm and was not able to pay arrears. …. He assigned part of his original farm to his son Bart Hayes….
  4. Denis Hayes to be allowed £70 for buildng his house to be slated but lofted and joiced at his own expanse.
  5. J and T Kenny to be allowed £100 towards building a dwelling house and £80 for 2 labourers houses.  Michael Kenny to be allowed for a house £100
  6. E. Mulcahy to be allowed £100  for a house

 


Rental for 1823

Butler, Reps. Wm.                         Ballynaparson
Coleman, D & Martin Forrest            Knocknacorbally
Cremmin, Thos.                            Ballygibbeen?   (spelled Crimmins in 1815)
Cronin, D. & partners                     Knockesophe
Cuffe, Thomas & William                 Templeuskey
Foster, Revd. T. S.                      Coolenowry  
Forrest, Martin                         See Coleman, D.
Fowler, Bart.                            Coolenowry
Geffries, G.C. Esq.                     Ardamadaine
Gray, Pope Esq.                       Sarsfield Court
Hayes, Bart                            See Kelliher, John   (and also Note 1 below)
Hayes, Denis Junr.                  Dawston Demesne part l
Hayes, John                        Dawston Demesne part l
Hayes, Denis Jr. & John Hayes                      Dawston Demesne part l
Horrigan, Denis                      Ballinraha
Hurley, Daniel                         Killowen
Keilly, Reps. of Michael                      Ballinraha
Keilly, Timothy                      Dawston Demesne part
Kelliher, Denis and Bartholomew                      Dawston Demesne part
Kelliher, Jeremiah                      Dawston Demesne part
Kelliher, John Dawston                      Demesne part
Kelliher, John for Bat Hayes, late farm                      Dawston Demesne part l
Kelly, Timothy                      Coolenowry
Kenny, John, Thomas & Michael                      Templeuskey
Lynch, Cornelius per James Rowan                    Killowen
Martin, Robt.                            Cruiseryree
McAuliffe, J & D                      Ballygibbeen?
McCarthy, Denis                      Kilclough
McCarthy, Florence & James White                      Coolenowry  
McCarthy, Florence & James                      Coolenowry
Mulcahy, Cornelius                      Killowen
Mulcahy, Edmund                      Killowen
Mulcahy, Edmund & Denis                      Templeuskey
Mulcahy, Widow                     Killowen
Mullane, Daniel                        Dawston Demesne
Murphy J & D                          Ballygibbeen
Murphy, William                      Dawston Demesne part l
Murphy, J & L                      Killowen
Rowan, James                      See Cornelius Lynch
Sheehy, Reps. Bryan                      Killorven ?
Sullivan, J & D                      Ballygibbeen?
Walsh, R.                           Dawston Demesne part l

Comments in Observation column (abbreviated):

  1.  Denis Hayes expended the whole of his substance upon this farm and was not able to pay arrears. He assigned part of his original farm to his son Bart Hayes….

 


Rental for 1824

Butler, Reps. Wm.                         Ballynaparson
Coleman, D & Martin Forrest                         Knocknacorbally
Cremmin, Thos.                         Ballygibbeen
Cronin, D & partners                         Knockesophe
Cuffe, Thomas & William                         Templeuskey
Forrest, Martin See Coleman, D.
Foster, Revd. T S                         Coolenowry  (See note 1)
Fowlue?, Bart.                         Coolenowry
Gray, Pope Esq.                         Sarsfield Court
Hayes, Bat    See Kelliher, John
Hayes, Denis Junr.                         Dawstown
Hayes, John                         Dawstown, part of
Horrigan, Denis                         Ballinraha
Hurley, Daniel                         Killowen
Jeffries, G.C. Esq.                         Ardamadaine
Keilly, Reps. of Michael                         Ballinraha
Keilly, Reps. Timothy                         Coolenowry
Keilly, Timothy                         Dawstown
Kelliher, Denis & Bartholomew                         Dawstown
Kelliher, Jeremiah                         Dawstown
Kelliher, John for Bat Hayes, late farm                         Dawstown
Kelliher, John                         Dawstown
Kenny, John, Thomas & Michael                         Templeuskey 5 & 6
Lynch, Cornelius per James Rowan                         Killowen
Martin, Robt.                         Cruiseryree
McAuliffe, J & D                         Ballygibbeen
McCarthy, Denis                         Kilclough
McCarthy, Florence & James                         Coolenowry
McCarthy, Florence & James White                         Coolenowry (See note 2)
Mulcahy, Cornelius                 Killowen
Mulcahy, Edmund & Denis          Templeuskey
Mulcahy, Edmund               Killowen (See note 3)
Mulcahy, Widow                   Killowen
Mullane, Daniel                     Dawstown
Murphy J & D                      Ballygibbeen (See note 4)
Murphy, J & L                      Killowen
Murphy, William                 Dawstown
Rowan, James    See Cornelius Lynch
Sheehy, Reps Bryan               Killowen
Sullivan, J & D                         Ballygibbeen
Walsh, R.                         Dawstown

Comments in Observation column (abbreviated):

  1. This farm was ejected for non-payment of rent and let to Denis and Timothy Daly, who were under-tenants to Mr Foster…..
  2. McCarty and White were ejected for non-payment of this rent and their farm let to Denis Haly and John and Thomas Brown from March 1824 ……
  3. Edmund Mulcahy division, with 6 acres, part of the widow’s lot … let to Wm. Kelliher…
  4. This farm was ejected and relet to Denis and Pat Murphy from March 1824 …

 


Rental for 1825

Browne, John and Thomas                         Coolenowry   (see Note 1)
Butler, Reps. Wm.                         Ballynaparson
Coleman, D & Martin Forrest                         Knocknacorbally
Cremmin, Thos.                           Ballygibbeen
Cronin, D & partners                         Knockesophe
Cuffe, Thomas & William                         Templeuskey
Daly, Michael                            Coolenowry
Daly, Michael, Denis and Timothy             Coolenowry  (See Note 2;  and Note 2 in 1824)
Forrest, Martin    See Coleman, D.
Foster, Revd. T S                         Coolenowry
Fowlue?, Bart.                           Coolenowry
Gray, Pope Esq.                         Sarsfield Court
Haley, Denis           Coolenowry   (see Note 2 in 1824 rental)
Hayes, Bat.         See Kelliher, John
Hayes, Denis Junr.                         Dawstown
Hayes, John                            Dawstown, part of
Horrigan, Denis                         Ballinraha
Hurley, Daniel                           Killowen
Jeffries, G.C. Esq.                         Ardamadaine
Keilly, Reps. of Michael                  Ballinraha
Keilly, Reps. Timothy                         Coolenowry
Keilly, Timothy                         Dawstown
Keilly, Widow: tenant of Fowlue?, Bart.                         Coolenowry
Kelliher, Denis and Bartholomew                         Dawstown
Kelliher, Jeremiah                         Dawstown
Kelliher, John                         Dawstown
Kelliher, John for Bat Hayes, late farm                 Dawstown
Kenny, John, Thomas & Michael                         Templeuskey 5 & 6
Kiely, Widow                         Coolenowry
Lynch, Cornelius per James Rowan                         Killowen
Martin, Robt.                         Cruiseryree
McAuliffe, J & D                         Ballygibbeen      (See Note 3)
McCarthy, Denis                         Kilclough
McCarthy, Florence & James                         Coolenowry
McCarthy, Florence & James White                         Coolenowry
Mulcahy, Cornelius                         Killowen
Mulcahy, Edmund & Denis               Templeuskey
Mulcahy, Edmund                         Killowen
Mulcahy, Widow                         Killowen
Mullane, Daniel                         Dawstown
Murphy, Denis and P.                 Ballygibbeen  (See note 4 in 1824) 
Murphy, J & L                           Killowen
Murphy, William                         Dawstown
Rowan, James     See Cornelius Lynch
Sheehy, Reps. Bryan                Killowen
Sullivan, J & D                         Ballygibbeen
Walsh, R.                         Dawstown

Comments in Observation column (abbreviated):

  1. Half years rent allowed …in consideration of ground being in bad consideration
  2. A quarter rent allowed to Daly in consideration of his getting the ground late and in bad condition.
  3. An ejectment was brought .. to which defence was taken by Buckley, an under-tenant of James Auliff and the farm given to Danl. McAuliff …..

 


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