Small Sources 64: This is a list of 84 tenants from the index to a rental among the Wynne Estate Papers in the National Library of Ireland (NLI Ms. 3312). The Wynne estate was mainly in the Parish of Calry, which is on the northern side of Lough Gill. The document is a large leather-bound ledger laid out in the Debit/Contra style as explained in our article on rentals here. The index, as shown in Fig 1 below, provides only the name of the tenant and a page number. The page for each tenant contains a more detailed account of rent due and paid, but unfortunately not the specific location of the property. Figure 2 shows the detail of one rental account, for Thomas Curry in 1803. On the left (Debit) side it shows that he rented a half acre (for 2 shillings and 10 pence); had access to grazing on the landlord’s estate (5 shillings and 8 pence halfpenny) and also received cash advances on two occasions. His payment was in the form of labour: 15 days at 9 pence per day and 42 days at 10 pence per day. Payment of rent by labour was very common among tenants at this time.
Among the locally common names are Colleary, Derrig, Hart, Doodican and McAna. Other names, which are not common, but associated with this region include Tuffy, Hargadon, Taughny (a variant of Taheny) and McGwin (a variant of McGuinn). Some common abbreviations of first names are used, such as Ambrs. = Ambrose; Jno. = John; Jas. = James; Andw. = Andrew; Edwd. = Edward; Thos. = Thomas; Patt = Patrick; Matthw = Matthew. Some distinctive Irish first names also occur such as Farrell, Manus, and Thady (spelled Teady here) which is an abbreviation of Thaddeus.
The Wynne estate papers in NLI detail the properties and transactions of the family in Sligo. The family bought the estate of Annagh in 1722 and changed the name to Hazelwood. At the time of this record, the proprietor was Owen Wynne V (1755-1841) who was a member of the British Parliament and an ‘improving landlord’ i.e. he invested time and resources in developing his estate and developing the farming practices of his tenants. This was exceptional among Irish Estate owners at the time. Further information on the Wynne family is available here. The family home, Hazelwood, is now a distillery making the Athru brand of whiskey.
The images of the document above and below were created by Ancestor Network in the National Library of Ireland and are reproduced here through their courtesy. Ancestor Network will offer 1 free hour of research by a professional researcher to conduct further research on these individuals, or on other tenants of this estate. We can also obtain images of the original documents. Click here and quote ‘SligoSS64’ in the subject line. We have also recently published a new edition of our authoritative ‘Guide to Tracing your Sligo Ancestors‘ by James Ryan. It is available directly from our website.
Cavanagh, Pat Usually Spelled Kavanagh
Cavenagh, Wm. ”
Doodican William (crossed out)
Derrig, Andw. Senr.
Derrig, Andw. Junr.
Derry, Patt Junr.
Foley, Ambrs. now Martin
Mulvy, James usually spelled Mulvey
Taughny, Hugh A variant of Taheny
Ternan, Farrel A variant of Tiernan or McTiernan
Description: This is an extensively revised and updated edition of our acclaimed guide to ancestral research on the families of county Sligo. In particular, many new on-line genealogy sources have been added. The new edition is filled with information on what the records contain, and how and where they can be accessed. It includes guidance on researching in Irish archives and on the many on-line sources now available. It is well illustrated with maps and with examples of the types of records to be found; and with other relevant background material. It also provides an understanding of the social history of Sligo and how this history has affected the keeping and survival of records. There is also a comprehensive index.