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Tenants of the Wynne Estate, Sligo in 1798-1811

By November 28, 2019 December 3rd, 2019 Uncategorized

Small Sources 64:  This is a list of 84 tenants from the index to a rental among the Wynne Estate Papers in the National Library of Ireland (NLI Ms. 3312).  The Wynne estate was mainly in the Parish of Calry,  which is on the northern side of Lough Gill.  The document is a large leather-bound ledger laid out in the Debit/Contra style as explained in our article on rentals here.   The index, as shown in Fig 1 below,  provides only the name of the tenant and a page number.    The page for each tenant contains a more detailed account of rent due and paid,  but unfortunately not the specific location of the property.   Figure 2 shows the detail of one rental account,  for Thomas Curry in 1803.  On the left (Debit) side it shows that he rented a half acre (for  2 shillings and 10 pence);  had access to grazing on the landlord’s estate (5 shillings and 8 pence halfpenny) and also received cash advances on two occasions.  His payment was in the form of labour: 15 days at 9 pence per day and 42 days at 10 pence per day.  Payment of rent by labour was very common among tenants at this time.

Among the locally common names are   Colleary, Derrig, Hart, Doodican and McAna.  Other names, which are not common, but associated with this region include Tuffy, Hargadon,  Taughny (a variant of Taheny)  and McGwin (a variant of McGuinn).     Some common abbreviations of first names are used, such as  Ambrs. = Ambrose;  Jno. = John; Jas. = James; Andw. = Andrew; Edwd. = Edward; Thos. = Thomas; Patt = Patrick; Matthw = Matthew.    Some distinctive Irish first names also occur such as Farrell, Manus,  and Thady (spelled Teady here) which is an abbreviation of Thaddeus.

The Wynne estate papers in NLI detail the properties and transactions of the family in Sligo.  The family bought the estate of Annagh  in 1722 and changed the name to Hazelwood.  At the time of this record,  the proprietor was Owen Wynne V (1755-1841) who was a member of the British Parliament and an ‘improving landlord’ i.e. he  invested time and resources in developing his estate and developing the farming practices of his tenants. This was exceptional among Irish Estate owners at the time.   Further information on the Wynne family is available here.  The family home, Hazelwood,  is now a distillery making the Athru brand of whiskey.

The images of the document above and below were created by Ancestor Network in the National Library of Ireland and are reproduced here through their courtesy. Ancestor Network will offer 1 free hour of research by a professional researcher to conduct further research on these individuals, or on other tenants of this estate. We can also obtain images of the original documents. Click here and quote ‘SligoSS64’ in the subject line.    We have also recently published a new edition of our authoritative ‘Guide to Tracing your Sligo Ancestors‘ by James Ryan.    It is available directly from our website.

Figure 1.  Detail of the ‘D’ index from the rental. Note the page number of the tenant’s account at right.

Banks, Thos.
Boyd, Samuel
Byrnes, Michl.

Carroll, Bryan
Carroll, Jno.
Carroll, Michl.
Carroll, Thomas
Cavanagh, Pat                         Usually Spelled Kavanagh
Cavenagh, Wm.                                          ”
Clarke, Thomas
Colleary, Luke
Coleary, James
Comer, Thomas
Connors, Owen
Cunningham, Jas.
Cunningham, John
Cunningham, Mick
Curry, Denis
Curry, Thos.

Doodican William (crossed out)

Denby, Joseph
Dermot Terence
Derrig, Pat
Derrig, Michl.
Derrig, Andw. Senr.
Derrig, Andw. Junr.
Derry, Patt Junr.
Duffy, Michl.
Dolan, Bryan
Dolan Matthw.
Doodican, William
Doodican, John
Duffy, James
Duke?, Pat

Fairbanks, Stephen
Feeny, Pat.
Foley, Ambrs. now Martin
Foley, Darby
Fox, John
Fox, Thomas
Fox, Peter

Garvey, Thos.
Guddis, Archibald

Hargadon, Thos.
Hargadon, Denis
Hart, Edwd.
Hart, James
Hart, John
Hart, Michael
Hart, Pat
Healey, Patrick
Hopper, Pat

Kelly, John
Kelly, Pat

Mitchell, Pat
McAna, Hugh
McAna, Edwd.
McCormick, Teady
McGwin, Pat
McLaughlin, Hugh
Mulvy, James                  usually spelled Mulvey
Murray, Hugh
Murray, Thos.
Murtogh, John

Nelson, Michael

Oats, Pat
O’Donnell, Manus

Quin, John

Regan, Barny
Rogan, James

Scanlon, Dudley
Stanton, John
Sweeny, Owen

Taughny, Hugh                A variant of Taheny
Ternan, Farrel                 A variant of Tiernan or McTiernan
Ternan, James
Torpy, Bryan
Tuffy, James

Ward, John
White, James
White, Martin
White, Thady
Wynne, John

Figure 2:  Sample account of Thomas Curry for 1803. See introductory text for discussion of the details.

Tracing your Sligo Ancestors 

Description:   This is an extensively revised and updated edition of our acclaimed guide to ancestral research on the families of county Sligo. In particular, many new on-line genealogy sources have been added. The new edition is filled with information on what the records contain, and how and where they can be accessed.  It includes guidance on researching in Irish archives and on the many on-line sources now available.  It is well illustrated with maps and with examples of the types of records to be found; and with other relevant background material.  It also provides an understanding of the social history of Sligo and how this history has affected the keeping and survival of records. There is also a comprehensive index.

 

 

Jim Ryan

About Jim Ryan

Dr Jim Ryan is a writer and publisher on Irish genealogy. His book ‘Irish Records’ (Ancestry Inc., now Turner Publishing) is a standard guide. His other books include: Tracing your Dublin Ancestors (Flyleaf Press 2009); Irish Church Records (Flyleaf 2001); Sources for Irish Family History (Flyleaf 2001), and Tracing Sligo Ancestors (Flyleaf 2012). He has lectured extensively at genealogy meetings and his research interests include church records and Rentals. He writes blogs and articles for In-Depth Genealogist (http://theindepthgenealogist.com), and also a blog for www.flyleafpress.ie.

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